Maximising Business Success: Understanding Risk Management and Risk Assessment

Reading Time: 6 minutes
Published on: March 15, 2024

In the dynamic landscape of small and medium businesses (SMBs), ensuring sustainable growth is paramount. One of the most crucial components of business planning has consistently been the development of risk assessment and risk management processes. Amidst various challenges, the integration of risk assessment and risk management in daily operations emerges as a cornerstone for thriving in today’s competitive environment.

But what are risk assessments? And how can businesses ensure that they maintain robust risk management processes? By understanding the core elements of these procedures and how they correlate with ISO Management System Standards – and their benefits – your business can effectively establish and seamlessly incorporate risk assessment and management into its everyday operations.

Understanding Risk Management & Risk Assessments

In this article about understanding risk management & risk assessment, we’ll delve into:

understanding risk management and risk assessment

1. What is Risk Assessment and Risk Management?

Risk assessment and risk management are integral components of strategic planning to safeguard businesses from potential hazards and uncertainties.

  • Risk Assessment: At its core, risk assessment entails the systematic identification, evaluation and prioritisation of risks inherent in business operations. This process is a proactive measure to identify, anticipate and grade potential threats, covering various dimensions such as financial, health and safety, operational, quality, information security and environmental risks.
  • Risk Management: Encompasses the implementation of strategies aimed at mitigating, transferring, or eliminating identified risks. It involves the development of management plans tailored to address diverse organisational vulnerabilities.

2. What are the benefits of Risk Assessment and Risk Management?

By integrating the core concepts of risk assessment and understanding risk management, you will be able to benefit from: 

  • Cost Savings: By proactively identifying and addressing potential risks, businesses can avoid the legal and operational costs of things going wrong.
  • Compliance Assurance: Compliance with legislation is more likely when thorough risk assessments are conducted, also mitigating the risk of fines and penalties.
  • Resource Protection: Effective risk management enables organisations to prioritise and allocate resources judiciously, safeguarding critical assets and investments.
  • Brand Enhancement: By proactively managing risks and ensuring compliance, businesses bolster their brand image and cultivate trust among all stakeholders.
  • A Healthier and Safer Workplace: A well-structured risk management plan promotes a healthier, safer and more conducive work environment, minimising the risk of work-related illness and injury.
  • A more environmentally friendly business: Effective assessment and management of business environmental aspects and their impacts can reduce the organisation’s impact on the environment and even work towards making positive environmental impacts.
  • Improved cyber-security: Information security risk assessments and effective management plans can prevent cyber attacks and better safeguard the organisation’s intellectual property.
  • A more engaged workforce: Demonstrating a commitment to employee health and safety and protection of the environment fosters a culture of trust and accountability, thereby enhancing morale and productivity.

3. How can your business implement a Risk Management System?

To integrate a robust risk management system into your business operations, adherence to a structured approach is imperative. Safe Work Australia outlines the following four-step risk management process to streamline this task:

Step 1: Identify Risks

Identify potential risks and hazards across all facets of your business operations.

  • Begin by identifying potential risks and hazards inherent in various aspects of your business operations, including financial, health and safety, operational, quality,  information security and environmental domains.
  • Involve key stakeholders, including employees, managers, and subject matter experts to gain diverse perspectives and insights.

Step 2: Assess Risks

Evaluate the likelihood and impact of identified risks, prioritising them based on urgency and feasibility of control measures.

  • Once risks are identified, assess their potential impact, and likelihood of occurrence, utilising tools such as a risk register and risk assessment matrix. Consider factors such as financial implications, compliance, reputation risk, operational disruption, environmental impact and personal injury or illness
  • Prioritise high-risk areas requiring immediate attention and allocate resources accordingly to address critical vulnerabilities.

Step 3: Control Risks

Implement proactive measures to control and mitigate identified risks.

  • This may involve writing risk management procedures, implementing safety protocols, enhancing cybersecurity measures, diversifying supply chains, or investing in insurance coverage.
  • Establish clear roles and responsibilities for risk management activities, ensuring accountability and ownership at all organisational levels.

Step 4: Review Control Measures

Iteratively monitor and review the effectiveness of implemented control measures, identifying areas for improvement and refinement to adapt and update to evolving circumstances.

  • Establish monitoring mechanisms to track the effectiveness of implemented risk control measures. This may include internal audits, inspections, daily visual monitoring, regular reports, and setting key performance indicators (KPIs) to measure progress.
  • Foster a culture of continuous improvement by soliciting feedback from stakeholders, conducting lessons-learned sessions, and incorporating best practices into risk management protocols.

By adhering to this systematic framework, businesses can proactively manage risks and mitigate potential threats before they escalate into crises and cause a significant negative impact on the organisation.

Expert Tip:

Engaging an external expert consultant like ISO Certification Experts has a number of benefits when assessing and managing risks, such as:

  • Specialised Knowledge and Experience: Identify, evaluate, and mitigate risks effectively, leveraging best practices and industry standards.
  • Objective Perspective: Unbiased and objective perspective to identify blind spots and potential risks that internal teams might overlook due to biases or over familiarity with existing processes.
  • Customised and Creative Solutions: Aligning strategies with the organisation objectives, and bringing insightful and creative perspectives and ideas from their vast experience with other industries and clients.

4. The Synergy of ISO Management System Standards and Risk Management

The ISO 31000 Standard is an international standard dedicated to providing guidelines for implementing effective risk management within organisations. ISO 31000 is not a certifiable standard; it’s a comprehensive guideline for identifying, analysing, evaluating, treating and monitoring risks with the overarching objective of enhancing an organisation’s ability to achieve its business goals and improve decision-making.

risk management and risk assessment

The main ISO Management System standards, such as  ISO 9001 for Quality, ISO 45001 for Occupational Health and Safety, ISO 14001 for Environmental, and ISO 27001 for Information Security, require that businesses take a risk-based approach when implementing their requirements, including implementing robust risk management processes.

For example, an organisation implementing ISO 27001:2022 for Information Security will need to demonstrate that the information security risks related to their organisation are sufficiently identified and assessed and that controls are in place for them.

Thus, by achieving Certification to an ISO Management System Standard, you’ll embed risk management principles into day-to-day business operations and decision-making processes. This may involve integrating risk assessments into project planning, budgeting, procurement, and strategic planning activities. Maintaining this Integrated Management System, is also an effective way to help train and educate employees on risk management practices, empowering them to identify and report potential risks in their respective areas of work.


To sum up, the integration of risk assessment and understanding risk management is imperative for businesses seeking to navigate the complexities of the contemporary competitive landscape. By prioritising the health and safety of their workforce, protecting critical resources and information, and enhancing brand reputation, businesses can improve their resilience – and experience additional business growth benefits over the long term. 

Conformance to ISO Management System Standards facilitates the seamless integration of risk management practices into organisational daily operations, creating a culture of continual improvement and operational excellence.

Let our team of experienced professionals help you implement an effective risk management framework as part of your ISO Management System Standard implementation. We have helped over 200 businesses achieve and maintain their Certification through a tailored approach to meet the needs of their individual business.

Call us now on 1300 614 007 or book your online FREE Strategy Session to solve any further questions about ISO and the Certification Process, or to discuss a tailored solution for your business.

About the author

Managing Director at ISO Certification Experts and ICExperts Academy

Erica is the Managing Director of ISO Certification Experts and ICExperts Academy. She has been helping businesses with their ISO Certification needs for over 20 years. Erica is also a Certified trainer, implementer and auditor for the ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 45001 and ISO 27001 standards. Erica primarily heads up the day-to-day operations of the businesses, and is also a current member of the Standards Australia Committees: QR-008 Quality Systems and ISO 9001 Quality Management Brand Integrity.

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